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Liturgical Press

The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History

Michael Glazier and Thomas J. Shelley, Editors

The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History
The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History

ISBN: 9780814659199, 5919

Details: 1584 pgs, 8 1/2 x 10 7/8
Publication Date: 12/01/1997
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This first reference work of its kind ever published in the United States is a splendid and unique achievement created by hundreds of historians and writers who cooperated to narrate the saga of American Catholicism. Beginning with Columbus, this comprehensive work spans half a millennium and covers the men, women, and events that shaped Catholic life in a vast and diverse nation. Over 1,200 articles, 300 photographs, and a million words comprise this elegant volume, which provides American Catholics with a panoramic and extraordinary education in their identity and heritage.

Edited by Michael Glazier and Thomas J. Shelley, The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History recounts the struggles and status of American Catholics in every generation of the nation's history. It also narrates and charts the phenomenal growth of the Church in each of the fifty states. It contains hundreds of factual biographies of men and women from all stratas of society. It focuses on the explorers; the pioneering Spanish, French, and English missionaries; the struggles of the colonial and revolutionary era; the turbulent and transforming nineteenth century with its waves of immigrants; the industrial revolution; and the challenges and crises of this century, down to our day.

All the major events and movements which united or divided Catholics are covered: The Revolution, Lay Trusteeism, slavery and the Civil War, the arrival of immigrants, Nativism and bigotry, Americanism, Modernism, the Labor Movement, the Knights of Columbus, wars, anti-semitism, the New Deal and Prohibition, anti- Communism, McCarthyism, the Women's Revolution, civil rights, Vietnam, Human vitae, liturgy, and capital punishment. Other subjects, which were often neglected by past historians, are given greater consideration. These include the role of women and Native Americans and the growth of Catholicism in the United States. The great personalities men and women from each decade and era are perceptively portrayed, and rewarding attention is given to the women lay and religious who played a major role in educating and forming the Catholic children of America for over five generations.

Entries are arranged alphabetically for convenient use by those who preach, teach, or study. The primary aim of each entry, whether it reflects some original research or summarizes existing scholarship, is to provide basic information while its bibliographical citations open the road to further study.

The American Catholic Church has been the home to a vast variety of people. The notable men and women who appear in these pages represent countless millions who are little known. But American Catholicism today is the living monument to their lives and labors. Knowing their history gives today's Americans confidence, and The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History is a celebration of their faith.

The contributors to this work have been selected for their scholarship and competence. Among the hundreds of distinguished contributors are: James Hennesey, Kathleen Neils Colzen, Mary Oates, Karen Kennelly, James Pula, Philip Gleason, Steven Avella, Dominic Monti, Jaime Vidal, Kenneth Baker, Sandra Yokum Mize, David O'Brien, Thomas Spalding, Archbishop Oscar Lipscomb, Gerald Fogerty, Clyde Crews, Christopher Kauffman, Robert Trisco, Patrick Carey, and Mary Elizabeth Brown.

Over four decades ago, Michael Glazier began his publishing career in Ireland. After coming to America he studied the focal aspects of U.S. publishing, from book design to marketing and eventually became a consultant to a group of American and European publishers. In 1972 he founded Scholarly Resources Inc., which specializes in diplomatic, legal and congressional history. He initiated and directed the publication of standard reference works including the 150-volume British Parliamentary Papers of the Eighteenth Century. In 1977 he founded Michael Glazier Inc. which published both scholarly religious and secular titles including The National State Papers of the United States and The Plymouth Court Records. He also published The New Dictionary of Theology and The Aramaic Bible: The Targums series available through The Liturgical Press. He received several awards for his contribution to patristic, theological and biblical studies.

Father Thomas J. Shelley is an associate professor of historical theology at Fordham University. Formerly, he was professor of Church history at St. Joseph's Seminary, Dunwoodie, Yonkers, New York.

The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History

  • is the first reference work of its kind ever published in the U.S.A.
  • was created by hundreds of historians and writers
  • covers all the major events which united or divided Catholics
  • recounts the struggles and triumphs of American Catholics in every generation of the nation's history
  • includes extensive coverage of American dioceses, religious communities, and saints
  • charts the growth of the Church in each state
  • contains hundreds of biographies of men and women from all stratas of society
  • includes over 1,200 articles, 300 photographs, and a million words
  • includes entries arranged alphabetically for convenient use by those who preach, teach or study
  • includes cross references and bibliographies to direct further study
  • merits a place in academic, public, and personal libraries

Some of the over 1200 topics and entries include:
African Americans and Catholicism
Anti-Catholic Bigotry in United States
Augustinians in United States
Baltimore Plenary Councils
Baltimore Provincial Councils
Benedictines in United States
Bishop, W. Howard, Founder of Glenmary
Brownson, Orestes
Burke, John J., CSP
Cabrini, Mother Frances Xavier
Calvert, George, First Lord Baltimore
Capuchins in United States
Carey, Mathew
Carmelites in United States
Carroll, Archbishop John
Christian Family Movement
Catholic Relief Services
Catholic University of America, The
Catholic Worker Movement
Catholic Writers
Catholic Book Publishing
Catholic Magazine Publishing
Catholic Newspaper Publishing
Catholics and Wars
Catholics and the Civil War
Cistercians of the Common Observance in United States
Cistercians of the Strict Observance (Trappists) in United States
Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s
Columbus, Christopher
Communism and American Catholics
Conference of Major Superiors of Men
Conscientious Objectors and American Catholicism
Corrigan, Archbishop Michael A.
Coughlin, Reverend Charles
Croation Immigrants and Croatians in United States Church
Cushing, Archbishop Richard J.
Czech Immigrants and Czechs in United States Church
Day, Dorothy
DeHueck, Baroness Catherine
Democratic Party and American Catholics
Dominicans (OP) in United States
Dred Scott Decision
Drexel, Mother Katherine
Duchesne, Mother Philippine
Duffy, Reverend Francis P.
Ecumenism and American Catholics
Education (elementary, secondary, college) and United States Catholics
Ellis, Monsignor John Tracy
England, Bishop John
Franciscans in United States
French-Canadian Immigrants and United States Church
German Immigrants and Germans in United States Church
Gibbons, James Cardinal
Government Aid to Education and United States Catholics
Guilday, Monsignor Peter
Hallinan, Archbishop Paul
Hawthorne, Mother Rose Lathrop
Hecker, Issac, CSP
Hispanic Immigrants and Hispanics in United States Church
Holy Cross Fathers in United States
Holy Ghost Fathers in United States
Hungarian Immigrants and Hungarians in United States Church
Ireland, Archbishop John
Irish Immigrants and Irish in United States Church
Italian Immigrants and Italians in United States Church
Jesuits in United States
Jewish-Catholic Relations in United States
Josephite Fathers in United States
Keane, Archbishop John
Kennedy, President John F.
Kino, Father Eusebio
Knights of Columbus
Labor Unions and American Catholics
Lamy, Archbishop Jean Baptiste
Lay Trusteeism in United States Church
Lithuanian Immigrants and Lithuanians in United States Church
Liturgical Movement in United States Church
Marist Fathers in United States
Marquette, PFre Jacques, SJ
Maryknoll Fathers and Sisters
Mazzuchelli, Reverend Samuel, OP
McCarthy, Senator Joseph, and American Catholics
McGlynn, Reverend Edward
McIntyre, James Francis, Cardinal
McQuaid, Bishop Bernard J.
Merton, Reverend Thomas, OSCO
Michel, Virgil, OSB
Maguires, Molly
Mundelein, George Cardinal
Murray, John Courtney, SJ
Music and American Catholics
National Conference of Catholic Charities
Native Americans and American Catholicism
Neumann, St. John
Oblates of Mary Immaculate
O'Connor, Flannery
O'Neill, Thomas ("Tip") P. O'Reilly, John Boyle
Papal Infallibility and American Catholics
Passionist Fathers in United States
Pastoral Letters of the United States Bishops
Polish Immigrants and Poles in United States Church
Powderly, Terence
Prohibition and United States Catholics
Puerto Rican Immigrants and Puerto Ricans in United States Church
Redemptorists in United States
Rummel, Archbishop Joseph
Ruthenian Immigrants and Ruthenians in United States Church
Ryan, Reverend John A.
Salesians in United States
Schisms in United States Church
Seminaries and the American Church
Serra, Father Junipero, OFM
Seton, St. Elizabeth Ann
Shea, John Gilmary
Sheen, Archbishop Fulton J.
Slavery and American Catholics
Slovak Immigrants and Slovaks in United States Church
Slovene Immigrants and Slovenes in United States Church
Smith, Governor Alfred E.
Society for the Propagation of the Faith in United States
Sulpicians in United States
Society of the Divine Word in United States
South American Immigrants and United States Church
Spalding, Bishop John Lancaster
Spanish Civil War and American Catholics
St. Vincent de Paul Society
Taney, Roger Brooke
Tekakwitha, Kateri
Vietnamese Immigrants and Vietnamese in United States Church
Vincentians (Congregation of the Mission) in United States
Ukrainian Immigrants and Ukrainians in United States Church
Vatican Council I and American Catholics
Vatican Council II and American Catholics
Women Religious in United States Church
Women's Suffrage and American Catholics

ISBN: 9780814659199, 5919

Details: 1584 pgs, 8 1/2 x 10 7/8
Publication Date: 12/01/1997


This encyclopedia fills a void. It puts on record for the current generation and those to follow the rich contributions of Catholics to American life and culture. The topical mix is wide-ranging and the authors authoritative and engaging. Scholars and browsers alike will find here much that is of interest. Entries include Catholics and the labor movement, African American Catholics, American Catholic women, Catholics and the liturgical movement, and hundreds of notable individuals from comedian Fred Allen to Clare Booth Luce to Father John LaFarge to the four martyred women missioners in El Salvador. The book belongs in school libraries, parishes, and on the home shelves.
Philip J. Murnion, National Pastoral Life Center

Anyone who reads American history or even specifically American Catholic history for whatever purpose will welcome this companion reference. Here persons and topics often mentioned only in passing in such works are put into their broader contexts, and the details of their relevance to those contexts fleshed out. The bibliographies appended to individual articles are especially useful pointers to further resources.
Suzanne Noffke, O.P.

I need this book. My gratitude to the compilers of this enormously helpful work. This is an awesome tool of scholarship. It will be a valuable addition to every reference shelf. A necessary tool for scholars, writers, historians, students and learners of all kinds. This achievement, with entries on individuals, groups, ideas, places, movements, is wondrous.
Harry James Cargas, Webster University

The contents of this dictionary go far beyond the usual selections in American Catholic historiography. Clearly the editors aimed, not only at highlighting the well-known facets of U.S. Catholic history, but at uncovering persons, trends, and traditions that have previously been ignored even by many historians. The result is a work that introduces the reader to a broad range of significant women and men, events, and crises that were at the heart of creating and developing the American Catholic world. Historians well-versed in specific aspects of the Catholic past have been called upon to tell the elaborate story. So wide is the net of data cast in this volume that the product can serve as an extremely useful reference tool for those who search for a fuller picture of what has forged the American Catholic identity today.
Dolores Liptak, R.S.M.

An exciting blend of old and new makes Glazier and Shelley's Encyclopedia of American Catholic History a useful tool for those who want to have at their fingertips a complete necrology of American bishops along with a compendium of the development of Catholicism in every state in America. But the real pièce de résistance are those entries on women (religious and lay), African Americans, and population changes.
Suellen Hoy, University of Notre Dame

. . . a splendid achievement. The choice of entries is thoughtful, creative and comprehensive. The articles are high quality, written by top scholars and embody the most recent research. The encyclopedia will be an essential acquisition for any academic library, for anyone working seriously in the field or simply for buffs who enjoy random strolls though nugget-strewn groves.
Los Angeles Times

This is one of those texts that is as tempting as a dish of peanuts; one casual munch and the reader is hooked for hours and, better, nourished as well.

An impressive and highly recommended companion volume to the publisher's widely acclaimed dictionary on Catholic social teaching and other subjects. It will be welcomed enthusiastically not only by amateur American Church buffs like myself but also by credentialed scholars in the field, many of whom have contributed key chapters in their areas of specialization. As an added bonus, it also makes for good spiritual reading because it recalls in ample detail the heroic zeal of so many of our long forgotten forebears in the history of the Church in the United States.
George G. Higgins, The Catholic University of America

Highly recommended for libraries and individuals with an interest in the topic.
Virginia Quarterly Review

. . . destined to become the standard reference work in U.S. Catholic history.

. . . The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History is the best reference work available on U.S. Catholic history. The fine quality of the entries and the vast range of topics examined makes this a remarkable source of information.

This impressive and reliable volume will in all likelihood prove indispensable not only to students of American Catholicism but also to scholars of American religious history in general.
American Catholic Studies Newsletter

. . . this authoritative work is especially well written . . . belongs in every library.
American Reference Books Annual

It not only will satisfy inquiring Catholic minds, but it will stimulate more Catholic minds to become inquiring.
The Tidings

What a magnificent reference work!
The Journal of American History

. . . provides a valuable resource to both professional historians of the Catholic Church in the United States and to the more casual reader who would like to learn more . . . it is easily the best and most complete reference book available that treats the history of the Catholic Church in the United States.
The Catholic Historical Review

Should be in public, parish and school libraries. Excellent jubilee gift or class gift to religion and history teachers in Catholic schools.
The Sunday Star-Ledger